This page was written by Steven J. DeRose around 2003-03-29, and was last updated on 2005-10-17.
It has been said that standards are great because there are so many variations to choose from. This page lists some of the organizations who get the credit or blame for standards in areas of interest to me.
I have excluded general national standards bodies except for ANSI, because there are so many (148 as of this writing). The national bodies that are ISO members are listed on the ISO site.
I'm confident that I've merely scratched the surface here.
There is a standard for everything.
Even for the Czar?
(not all organisations have been linked yet, even if they have a Web presense)
Note: The descriptions below are my own, and are written for brevity, not precision. If you represent one of these organisations and would prefer a different (but similarly short!) description, please send it to me and I'll swap it in.
|AAR||American Association of Railroads (I'm sorry, but that's actually the American Academy of Religion)|
|ANSI||American National Standards Institute||General.|
|ASTM||American Society for Testing and Materials|
|ATA||Air Transport Association||Aircraft documentation and other issues. A list of other Aerospace standards bodies can be found here.|
|BTG||Bible Technologies Group||XML schemas and related specs for interchanging theological materials|
|CCITT||Comite Consultatif Internationale de Telegraphie et Telephonie. Now apparently renamed ITU-T||Data compression, codecs, fax, modems.|
|DOT||US Department of Transportation||Hazard placards for use in materials transport. See chemicalspill.org. Numbers for chemicals, and a guide to their hazards and appropriate responses.|
|EIA||Electronics Industry Alliance|
|FASB||Financial Accounting Standards Board||Accounting practices|
|IANA||Internet Assigned Names Authority||Standard names for just about anything|
|IEC||International Electrotechnical Commission|
|IEEE||Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers||WiFi and lots of other things|
|IETF||Internet Engineering Task Force||Internet, domain naming, and other protocols|
|ISO||International Organisation for Standardisation [sic]||Everything|
|ITU-T||International Telecommunications Union-Telecommunication (formerly CCITT)||Data compression, codecs, fax, modems.|
|LC||Library of Congress||Subject Headings, author identities|
|NEC||National Electrical Code||Electrical power systems|
|NEMA||National Electrical Manufacturers Association||Electical components, such as water-resistance ratings for enclosures.|
|OASIS||Organisation for theAdvancement of Structured Information Standards||XML schemas for various business applications|
|OCLC||Online Computer Library Center||Library cataloging, Dewey system, Persistent URLs, Dublin Core.|
|OEB||Open eBook Consortium||XML schemas, digital rights management, etc. for portable delivery of documents in electronic form.|
|OSHA||Occupational Safety & Health Administration||Workplace safety requirements.|
|TEI||Text Encoding Initiative Consortium||XML schemas and best-practice guideliness for marking up literary and historical works.|
|TIA||Telecommunications Industry Association||Phone and data wiring|
|UL||Underwriters Laboratories Incorporated||Product safety|
|W3C||World Wide Web Consortium||Web infrastructure and protocols|
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